Monday, 22 May 2017

German Projectiles - 75mm Projectiles







German Projectiles










H.E. Projectile Type 34, 75mm


German Designation: Sprgr. Patr. KwK (34) (Sprenggranate Patrone Kampfwagenkanone 34)

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                                 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                           7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                               7.5cm Pak 40 (Panzerabwehrkanone 40)
                               7.5cm Geb G. 36 (Gebirgs Geschutz 36)
                           7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Gescutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)



Dimensions

Overall length w/ fuze (complete round): 13.5 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (complete round): 11.6 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.187 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.7 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.5 inches
Total weight (complete round): 12.6 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 30 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: Amatol 40/60 + smoke box of red phosphorous
(TNT/Amatol 90/10 when used for Geb.G.36)
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at base: 3.6 inches
Weight of propellant: 12.25 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze K1 AZ 23

Markings: Painted Green

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container - 46.64 pounds







A.P. Projectile with Ballistic Cap and Piercing Cap, Type 39, 75mm


German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. 39 KwK 40 (Panzergranate Patrone 39 Kampfwagenkanone 40)

Employment: 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                     7.5cm Pak 40 (Panzerabwehrkanone 40)

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 29.3 inches
Overall length w/o tracer (projectile): 9.625 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.98 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.67 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.94 inches
Total weight (complete round): 29.4 pounds

Type of bursting charge: Cyclonite
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 19.4 inches
Diameter at case mouth: 3.15 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.8 inches
Diameter at case base: 4 inches
Weight of propellant: 5.35 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol

Fuze: Bd. Z. 5103

Markings: Painted black with red band and red stencilling

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container


Remarks: The bursting charge is in an aluminum container which is a tight fit in the projectile cavity.  This projectile may or may not have a cannelure on the cap.

A round exists for the Pak 40 designated "Pzgr. Patr. 40 Pak 40", which is an A.P. projectile with a tungsten carbide core.  It has a reported weight of 7.06 pounds.









Hollow Charge Projectile, Type 39, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Gr. 39 (Granate 39)

Employment: Geb. K. 15 (Gebirgs Kanone 15)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 14.68 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 11.181 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.43 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.95 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.7 inches
Total weight (projectile): 9.9 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 5.078 inches
Diameter at case mouth: 3.03 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.34 inches
Weight of propellant: 11.6 ounces
Type of propellant: Flaked Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose with Nitroguanadine

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 38

Packaging: Three shells and three cases in a wicker basket.

Markings: Painted green


Remarks: When fired, the projectile will be found with 28 grooves in the band.







Hollow Charge Projectile for Tank Gun, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Gr. Patr. 38 KwK (H.L.) (Granate Patron 38 Kampfwagenkanone (Hohl Ladung) )

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                                 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                           7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                               7.5cm Geb G. 36 (Gebirgs Geschutz 36)
                            7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Geschutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 18.5 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 11.2 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.66 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.55 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.2 inches
Total weight (complete round): 12 pounds, 14 ounces
Total weight (projectile): 9.75 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.22 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.6 inches
Weight of case: 2 pounds, 1.79 ounces
Weight of propellant: 12.61 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 38

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container

Markings: Painted green


Remarks: Hollow charge projectiles are made in two pieces, the male nose being threaded into the body.  There are two spanner flats on the nose piece.





Hollow Charge Projectile for Tank Gun, Type B, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Gr. Patr. 38 KwK (H.L./B) (Granate Patron 38 Kampfwagenkanone (Hohl Ladung/B) )

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                                 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                           7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                               7.5cm Geb G. 36 (Gebirgs Geschutz 36)
                           7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Gescutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)
                               7.5cm Pak 40 (Panzerabwehrkanone 40)


Dimensions

Overall length w/ fuze (complete round): 19.36 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 12 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.63 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.48 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.2 inches

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.6 inches
Weight of case: 2 pounds, 1.79 ounces
Weight of propellant: 12.61 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 38

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container

Markings: Painted green.
"HL/B" stencilled in black on nose.


Remarks: Hollow charge projectiles are made in two pieces, the male nose being threaded into the body.  There are two spanner flats on the nose piece.






Smoke Projectile for Tank Gun, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Nbgr. Patr. KwK (Nebelgranate Patrone Kampfwagenkanone)

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                                 7.5cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40)
                           7.5cm Stu.G. 40 (Sturm Geschutz 40)
                           7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Gescutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 20.9 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 13.5 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 11.6 inches
Diameter at base: 2.5 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.187 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.67 inches
Total weight (projectile): 13.6 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 2 ounces

Type of bursting charge: 80/20 Oleum impregnated in pumice, smoke mixture.
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.6 inches
Weight of cartridge case: 2.1 pounds, 1.79 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose
Weight of propellant: 12.61 pounds

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze K1 A.Z. 23 Nb

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container


Markings: Painted green
"Nb" stencilled on body in white.


Remarks: This projectile is machined to the same design as the H.E. Projectile, Type 34, with the exception of a recess one inch in diameter, 0.08 inch in depth provided at the base of the cavity for seating lower end of the burster tube.  There is a threaded plug in the side wall used to close the filling hole.





A.P.C. Tank Gun Projectile, 75mm


German Designation:  Pzgr. Patr. KwK (Panzergranate Patrone Kampfwagenkanone)

Employment: 7.5cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone)
                 7.5cm Stu.G. (Sturm Geschutz)
                           7.5cm L.G. 40 (Leuchtes Gescutz 40)
                                     7.5cm L.F.K. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 19.89 inches
Overall length w/o tracer (projectile): 11.312 inches
Diameter at base: 2.93 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.98 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.67 inches
Total weight (projectile): 15.4 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 2.92 pounds

Type of bursting charge: TNT and PETN/Wax
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 9.56 inches
Diameter at case neck: 2.93 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.01 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.6 inches
Type of propellant: Tubular Nitrocellulose
Weight of propellant: 12.39 pounds

Fuze: Bd. Z.f. 7.5cm

Packaging: Two rounds to a metal container


Markings: Painted black.
"6354 7.5cm KwK" stamped on cartridge case.


Remarks: There are two cannelures below the rotating band.








H.E. Projectile for Mountain Gun, 75mm


German Designation:  Geb. Gr. 15 Al. (Gebirgs Granate 15 Aluminum)

Employment: 7.5cm Geb. K. 15 (Gebirgs Kanone 15)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 15.75 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 12.99 inches
Diameter at base: 2.95 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.687 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.433 inches
Total weight (projectile): 12 pounds

Type of bursting charge: TNT/Aluminum, 90/10 and red phosphorus smoke box
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 5.078 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.03 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.34 inches
Type of propellant: Flaked Nitroglycerine and Nitrocellulose with Nitroguanadine.
Weight of propellant: 11.6 ounces

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 23 Geb.
Time and percussion fuze Dopp Z. a/60 Geb.

Packaging: Three shells and three cases in a wicker basket


Markings: Painted green.


Remarks: There is a round designated "Geb. Gr. 15 rot" which is identical with the above except that it does not contain any aluminum.







Hollow Charge Projectile for Infantry Gun, 75mm


German Designation: 7.5cm Igr. 38 (Iager 38)

Employment: 7.5cm L.I.G. 18 (Leichte Infanterie Geschutz 40)
                                             7.5cm L. Geb. I.G 18 (Leichte Gebirgs Infanterie Geschutz 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 11.562 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 9.134 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.236 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.875 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.125 inches
Weight of bursting charge: 6 pounds, 10 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 3.5 inches
Diameter at case mouth: 3 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.375 inches
Weight of propellant: 2.52 ounces
Type of propellant: Nitroglycerine disc powder

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze A.Z. 38

Packaging: Three projectiles and three complete charges in a wicker basket

Markings: Painted green.






H.E. Projectile for Infantry Gun, 75mm


German Designation: Igr. 38 A.Z. 23nA (Iager 38 Aufachlag Zunder neu Abetilung)

Employment: 7.5cm L.I.G. 18 (Leichte Infanterie Geschutz 40)
                                             7.5cm L. Geb. I.G 18 (Leichte Gebirgs Infanterie Geschutz 18)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 15.49 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 12.99 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.236 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.95 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.102 inches
Total weight (complete round): 13 pounds, 10 ounces
Weight of bursting charge: 1.21 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Amatol 40/60
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 3.5 inches
Diameter at case mouth: 3 inches
Diameter at case base: 3.375 inches
Weight of propellant: 2.52 ounces
Type of propellant: Nitroglycerine disc powder

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze L. Igr. Z. 23nA

Packaging: Three shells and three cartridges in a wicker basket with metal bottom and metal cradle - 49 pounds.

Markings: Painted green.
"7.5cm Igr. 18, L. Igr. Z 23nA" stencilled on projectile.


Remarks: This projectile is sometimes filled with TNT/Amatol - 90/10

When this projectile has been fired from the L.I.G. 19, the rotating band will show 24 riflings.








A.P. Projectile with Tungsten Core (Arrowhead), 75mm


German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. 41 (Panzergranate Patrone 41)

Employment: Pak 41 (Panzerabwehrkanone 41)


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 29.8 inches
Total weight (complete round): 16.65 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 5.68 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.21 pounds

Diameter of tungsten core: 1.16 inches
Tracer present

Weight of propellant: 5.43 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol

Fuze: None
Markings: Painted black


Remarks: Data on this projectile from captured document, not live specimen.










H.E. Projectile for Dual-Purpose Skoda Gun, 75mm


German Designation: Sprgr. Patr. 75/50 (Sprenggranate Patrone 75/50)

Employment: 75/50 Skoda Dual-Purpose Gun


Dimensions

Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 14.96 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 2.948 inches
Width of bourrelet: 0.511 inches
Width of rotating bands: 0.472 inches
Total weight (complete round): 27.5 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.21 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 22.83 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.15 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.228 inches
Diameter at case rim: 3.74 inches
Weight of propellant: 4.201 ounces
Type of propellant: Tubular propellant

Fuze: Time fuze of combustion type is fitted.  A brass gaine attached to fuze in distinction from German system contains detonator.


Markings: Red banded, stencilled in red.
"1941 38 75AA" stamped on base.


Remarks: This projectile is the most common of a number of types seizes by the Germans for use in captured French 75/50 Dual-Purpose Guns, of which one authority estimates there may be 20,000 pieces on the Continent.







Next Time: 76.2mm Projectiles

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