Monday, 5 June 2017

German Projectiles - 88mm Projectiles







German Projectiles










Hollow Charge Projectile, Type 39, 88mm

No picture available

German Designation: H L Gr. Patr. 39 Flak (Hohl Ladun Granate Patrone 39 Flugabwehrkanone)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 18
                       8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 37

Dimensions
Total weight (projectile): 16.83 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.5 pounds

Soft iron rotating bands
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 22.4 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.625 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.812 inches
Diameter at base: 4.02 inches
Weight of case: 11.625 pounds
Type of propellant: Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 38 St.
This fuze is identical with the AZ 38 except that it is made of steel.

Markings: Painted Grey, stencilled in black.
"HL FES" stencilled on body.


 Remarks: Information is from captured documents.  All three weapons employ the same cartridge case.











A.P.C. Projectile, Type 39, 88mm


No picture available

German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. 39 (Panzergranate Patrone 39)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak. 41

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 45.5 inches
Overall length (projectile): 13.5 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.937 inches
Width of rotating bands: 0.469 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.437 inches
Total weight (complete round): 46 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 22.44 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 2.12 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 33.687 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.562 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.094 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.844 inches
Weight of propellant: 11.91 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Gudol

Fuze: Base detonating fuze - Bd. Z. f 8.8cm (unmarked)

Markings: Painted black with white tip.


 Remarks: This is the "small cavity" type of German APCBCHE with Cyclonite bursting charge and a spring-loaded fuze.












H.E. Projectile Type L/4.5, 88mm

German Designation: Sprgr. Patr. L/4.5 (Kz) (Sprenggranate Patrone Ladung/4.5 (Kopfzunder) )

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 18
                       8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 37


Dimensions

Overall length (projectile): 15.51 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.375 inches
Width of lower rotating band: 0.531 inches
Width of upper rotating band: 0.469 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 3.446 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.447 inches
Total weight (projectile): 20.35 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.9 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Amatol 40/60
No tracer
Overall length (cartridge case): 22.4 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.625 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.812 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.02 inches
Weight of case: 11.625 pounds
Weight of propellant: 5.03 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze - AZ 23/28 or Mechanical time fuze - Zt. Z. s/30

Markings: Painted yellow or green

Packaging: Three rounds in a wicker basket - 123 pounds; or
One round in metal cylinder - 47.3 pounds


 Remarks: All three weapons employ the same cartridge case.  There are two types of this projectile.  One has a cardboard container, the other has a solid base and is poured filled.











A.P. Projectile for 88mm Anti-Tank Gun, 88mm



German Designation: 8.8cm Pzgr. Patr. 41 (Panzergranate Patrone 41)
Employment: 8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 41


Dimensions
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 13 inches
Distance from base to bands: 1.375 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.48 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.45 inches
Total weight (complete round): 22.8 pounds
Tracer present
Overall length (cartridge case): 33.625 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.55 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.1 inches
Diameter at base: 4.65 inches

Weight of propellant: 5.38 kilograms
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol
Fuze: Bd. Z 5127








A.P. Projectile with Tungsten Carbide Core (Type 40), 88mm



German Designation: 8.8cm Pzgr. 40 (Panzergranate 40)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 41

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 33.99 inches
Overall length (projectile): 12.75 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.166 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.437 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 3.437 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.562 inches
Total weight (projectile): 16 pounds

Length of tungsten carbide core: 5.437 inches
Diameter of tungsten carbide core: 1.406 inches
Weight of tungsten carbide core: 4.25 pounds
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 22.4 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.625 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.812 inches
Diameter at base: 4.02 inches
Weight of case: 11.625 pounds
Type of propellant: Diglycol

Fuze: No fuze

Markings: Painted black


 Remarks: The cartridge case employed for Flak 41 is "8.8cm Flak 41" (Fixed).











H.E. Projectile Type L/4.7, 88mm



German Designation: Sprgr. Patr. L/4.7 (Sprenggranate Patrone Ladung/4.7 FES)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 41
                       8.8cm Flak 43

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 47 inches
Overall length (projectile): 16.35 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.905 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.51 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 3.425 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.031 inches
Total weight (complete round): 46.42 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 20.68 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.9 pounds

Type of bursting charge: 40/60 Amatol

Overall length (cartridge case): 33.687 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.562 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.094 inches
Diameter at base: 4.844 inches
Type of propellant: Tubular Gudol
Fuze: Nose percussion fuze - AZ 23/28v; or
Mechanical time fuze - Zt. Z s/30


Markings: Painted yellow






A.P.C. Projectile for AA Gun 18, 88mm



German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. m.3d. Z. (Panzergranate Patrone mit Boden Zunder)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 18
                       8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 37

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 34.25 inches
Overall length (projectile): 13.25 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.469 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.437 inches
Total weight (complete round): 35.2 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 20.75 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 5.5 pounds

Type of bursting charge: TNT/Wax
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 22.4 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.625 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.812 inches
Diameter at base: 4.02 inches
Weight of propellant: 5.65 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol
Fuze: Base detonating fuze - Bd. Z. f. 8.8cm


Markings: Painted black

Packaging: Three rounds to a wicker basket, or one round to a metal container.

Remarks: This projectile is the large cavity design of German A.P.C.




Next Time: 105mm Projectiles Part 1

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