Monday, 19 June 2017

German Projectiles - 105mm Projectiles Part 2







German Projectiles










Hollow Charge Projectile, Type B, 105mm



German Designation: 10cm Gr. 39 HL/B (Granate 39 Hohl Ladung/B)

Employment: 10cm LFH 16
                       10cm LFH 18
                           10cm LFH 18 M
                    10cm LG 40
                    10cm LG 42

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 23.76 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 19.803 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.165 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.669 inches
Diameter of base: 4.074 inches
Total weight (projectile): 26.719 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 6.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.375 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.5 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.937 inches
Weight of propellant: 1.54 pounds
Type of propellant: Flaked Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 38

Markings: Painted green, with red band above rotating band


 Remarks: When used with LG 40, rotating band is 0.59 inches in width.

When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band.












Hollow Charge Projectile, Type C, 105mm



German Designation: 10cm Gr. 39 rot HL/C (Granate 39 rot Hohl Ladung/C)

Employment: 10cm LFH 16
                       10cm LFH 18
                           10cm LFH 18 M
                    10cm LG 40
                    10cm LG 42

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 23.76 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 19.803 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.165 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.65 inches
Diameter of base: 4.074 inches
Total weight (projectile): 26.875 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 3.286 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 6.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.375 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.5 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.937 inches
Weight of propellant: 1.54 pounds
Type of propellant: Flaked Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 38

Markings: Painted green, with red band above rotating band


 Remarks: When used with LG 40, rotating band is 0.59 inches in width.

When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band.









Incendiary Projectile, 105mm

No picture available

German Designation: 10cm F.H. Gr. Sprg. Brand. (Feld Hautbitze Granate Spreng Brand)

Employment: 10cm LFH 16
                       10cm LFH 18
                           10cm LFH 18 M

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 18.29 inches
Overall length (projectile): 15.55 inches
Distance from base to band: 3.385 inches
Diameter of base: 3.346 inches
Weight of bursting charge: 34.81 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT and Incendiary composition
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 6.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.375 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.5 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.937 inches
Weight of propellant: 1.54 pounds
Type of propellant: Flaked Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 23v

Markings: Painted grey, stencilled in black
"BR" stencilled on body


 Remarks: When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band.









H.E. Projectile, Model 15, for Skoda Howitzer, 105mm




German Designation: Not known

Employment: 10cm Skoda Howitzer


Dimensions (Type I)
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 15.12 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.58 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.55 inches
Total weight (projectile): 28.62 pounds
Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer


Dimensions (Type II)
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 15.12 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.57 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.55 inches
Total weight (projectile): 28.62 pounds
Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer


Markings: Unpainted


 Remarks: The position of the rotating band, it will be noted, is the only distinction between these two projectiles.

These projectiles have fallen into German hands in considerable quantities and are reported to be in use with the German Army.






H.E. Projectile, Models 23 and 28, for Skoda Howitzer, 105mm




German Designation: Not known

Employment: 10cm Skoda Howitzer


Dimensions (Type I)
Overall length (projectile): 15.83 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.59 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.51 inches
Total weight (projectile): 30.6 pounds
Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer
Markings: Painted yellow


Dimensions (Type II)
Overall length (projectile): 18.56 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.74 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.63 inches
Total weight (projectile): 31.21 pounds
Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer
Markings: Unpainted


 Remarks: These projectiles have fallen into German hands in considerable quantities and are reported to be in use with the German Army.






H.E. Projectile, Type L/4.4 Kz., 105mm



German Designation: 10cm Sprgr. Patr. L/4.4 Kz. (Sprengranate Patrone Ladung/4.4 Kopfzunder)

Employment: 10cm Flak 38
                       10cm Flak 39

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 46 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 14.369 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.48 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.669 inches
Diameter of base: 4.133 inches
Total weight (projectile): 33.2 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 3.3 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 30.17 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.204 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.628 inches
Diameter at case base: 5.45 inches
Weight of propellant: 10.9 pounds
Type of propellant: Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 23/28v or Mechanical time fuze Zt. Z. s/30

Markings: Painted yellow


 Remarks: There are two cannelures below the rotating band on this porjectile. When fired, projectile will be found with 36 engravings on the rotating band.









H.E. Projectile, Type 19., 105mm



German Designation: Gr. 19 Kz 13 (Granate 19 Kopfzunder 13)

Employment: s. 10cm K 18
                              10cm K.T.  
                     lg. 10cm K.T.

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 33.09 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 19.17 inches
Distance from base to band: 3.582 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.669 inches
Diameter of base: 3.464 inches
Total weight (projectile): 32.58 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 3.5 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 17.5 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.41 inches
Diameter at case base: 5.12 inches
Weight of propellant: 12.85 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 23v or Time and percussion fuze Dopp. Z. s/60

Markings: Painted green


 Remarks: When fired from s. 10cm K 18 projectile will bear 36 engravings on rotating band.











H.E. Projectile, with disintegrating band, 105mm



German Designation: Not known

Employment: 10cm Flak 38
                       10cm Flak 37

Dimensions
Total weight (projectile): 23.1 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.1 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer


Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 23v

Markings: Painted yellow

Packaging: One in a wooden crate.


 Remarks: At the shoulder of the projectile is a detachable guide band.  This band is trisected by cuts almost completely through the band and the complete band, which is a push fit on the shoulder, it is held in position by three ball bearings.  These are seated in cavities spaced equally round the periphery of the shoulder of the shell and project into cylindrical drillings through each segment of the guide band.  The drillings are threaded towards the outer circumference and the ball bearings after insertion are finally located by screws which seat the outer surface of the bearings.  After insertion of the balls and the positioning of the three screws, therefore, the guide band is firmly attached to the shell body, but should trisection of the guide band be completed, each segment, together with its retaining ball, would therefore be free to fall away from the shell body.

The rotating band holder is located at the base of the shell, which is keyed to receive it.  The holder itself is in three detached segments held in position only by the soft iron driving band.  Movement is prevented by three cylindrical pieces fitting into cavities located in the shell body and the driving band holder.  There are also three cylindrical pins between the segments.

It is believed that after leaving the gun the guide band and the rotating band holder are each split into three separate segments which, together with the ball bearings, pins and cylindrical pieces retaining them, are flung off.  The remaining projectile is then of much better aero-dynamic shape than is possible with a conventional projectile.





Next Time: 150mm Projectiles

Monday, 12 June 2017

German Projectiles - 105mm Projectiles Part 1







German Projectiles










A.P.C. Projectile with Tracer, 105mm


German Designation: 10cm Pzgr. rot (Panzergranate rot)

Employment: 10cm Flak 38
                       10cm Flak 39
                       s 10cm K.T. 
                       s 10cm K. 18

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 44.25 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 15.4 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.15 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.905 inches
Width of bourrelet: 0.812 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 4.125 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 4.133 inches
Total weight (complete round): 57.625 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 34.7 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT in aluminum container
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 30.17 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.204 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.628 inches
Diameter at case base: 5.45 inches
Weight of propellant: 12.85 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol

Fuze: Base detonation fuze Bd. Z. f. 10cm

Markings: Painted black with 0.5 inch red band above rotating band


 Remarks: There are two cannelures below the rotating band.









A.P. Projectile for Light Field Howitzer, 105mm


German Designation: Pzgr. rot L'spur (Panzergranate rot Leuchtspur)

Employment: 10cm LFH 16
                       10cm LFH 18
                           10cm LFH 18 M
                   10cm K.K. 
                 10cm K.T

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 37.441 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 11.5 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 10.285 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.579 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.625 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 4.026 inches
Total weight (projectile): 34.62 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 8.11 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 6.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.375 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.5 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.937 inches
Weight of propellant: 1.54 pounds
Type of propellant: Flaked Diglycol

Fuze: Base detonation fuze Bd. Z. f. 10cm

Markings: Painted black with red stencilling


 Remarks: There are two cannelures below the rotating band.
When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band.











H.E. Projectile for Field Howitzer, 105mm



German Designation: F.H. Gr. (Feld Hautbitze Granate)

Employment: 10cm LFH 16
                       10cm LFH 18
                           10cm LFH 18 M
                         10cm Stu H 42 
                    10cm LG 40
                    10cm LG 42

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 25.295 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 19.17 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 15.55 inches
Distance from base to band: 3.385 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.59 inches
Total weight (projectile): 33.08 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 3 pounds, 4 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT or Amatol, plus red phosphorus smoke box
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 6.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.375 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.5 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.937 inches
Weight of propellant: 1.54 pounds
Type of propellant: Flaked Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 23v or Time and Percussion Fuze Dopp Z s/60

Markings: Painted green
The cartridge case may be of brass-coated steel, unpainted steel, or black steel spirally wound.

Packaging: One projectile in a wooden crate - 41.8 pounds


 Remarks: Four types of H.E. are fired.  They do not differ materially from each other and have approximately the same weight.  Their ballistic qualities are the same.  The use the same fuzes.


They are designated:
-FH Gr.
-FH Gr. 38
-FH Gr. 33 Stg.
-FH Gr. FES

FH Gr. 33 Stg. is of cast steel and the bursting charge is poured.

When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band.









Smoke Projectile for Field Howitzer, 105mm




German Designation: 10cm F.H. Gr. Nb. (Feld Hautbitze Granate Nebel)

Employment: LFH 16
                       LFH 18
                           LFH 18 M
                         Stu H 42
Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 15.905 inches (Error, cannot be shorter than projectile)
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 19.29 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 17.32 inches
Distance from base to band: 3.385 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.59 inches
Diameter of base: 3.3 inches
Total weight (projectile): 30.8 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 4.3 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: Picric Acid
No tracer

Weight of smoke mixture: 4.1 pounds
Type of smoke mixture: Oleum impregnated in pumice

Overall length (cartridge case): 6.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.375 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.5 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.937 inches
Weight of propellant: 1.54 pounds
Type of propellant: Flaked Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze K1 AZ 23 Nb


Markings: Painted green, stencilled in white.
"Nb" stencilled on body.

Packaging: One projectile in a wooden crate - 40 pounds


 Remarks: There is also a round designated: "F.H. Gr. 40 Nb" believed to be of the ejector type, and a round, "F.H. Gr 38 Nb" similar to the above but producing a large cloud of smoke, and a round, "F.H. Gr. 40 Deut" which emits a cloud of blue smoke lasting one to two minutes and is used as a marker for air support.

When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band.











H.E. Projectile for Long Distance use in Field Howitzer, 105mm


German Designation: 10cm F.H. Gr. F. (Feld Hautbitze Granate (distance) )

Employment: 10cm LFH 18 M


Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 24.23 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 20.47 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 16.77 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.362 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.59 inches
Total weight (projectile): 32.58 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Amatol
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 6.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.375 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.5 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.937 inches
Weight of propellant: 3.4 pounds
Type of propellant: Gudol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 23v or Time and Percussion Fuze Dopp Z s/60

Markings: Painted green








Hollow Charge Projectile, 105mm



German Designation: 10cm Gr. 39 rot HL (Granate 39 rot Hohl Ladung)

Employment: 10cm LFH 16
                       10cm LFH 18
                           10cm LFH 18 M
                    10cm LG 40
                    10cm LG 42

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 12.699 inches (Error, cannot be shorter than projectile)
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 15.314 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.165 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.669 inches
Diameter of base: 4.055 inches
Total weight (projectile): 25.56 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 3.91 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 6.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.375 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.5 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.937 inches
Weight of propellant: 1.54 pounds
Type of propellant: Flaked Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 38

Markings: Painted green, with red band above rotating band



 Remarks: When used with LG 40, rotating band is 0.59 inches in width.

When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band.







Hollow Charge Projectile, Type A, 105mm



German Designation: 10cm Gr. 39 rot HL/A (Granate 39 rot Hohl Ladung/A)

Employment: 10cm LFH 16
                       10cm LFH 18
                           10cm LFH 18 M
                    10cm LG 40
                    10cm LG 42

Dimensions
Overall length (complete round): 23.76 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 19.803 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.165 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.669 inches
Diameter of base: 4.074 inches
Total weight (projectile): 27.156 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite/Wax/TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 6.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 4.375 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.5 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.937 inches
Weight of propellant: 1.54 pounds
Type of propellant: Flaked Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 38

Markings: Painted green, with red band above rotating band


 Remarks: When used with LG 40, rotating band is 0.59 inches in width.

When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band.





Next Time: 105mm Projectiles Part 2

Monday, 5 June 2017

German Projectiles - 88mm Projectiles







German Projectiles










Hollow Charge Projectile, Type 39, 88mm

No picture available

German Designation: H L Gr. Patr. 39 Flak (Hohl Ladun Granate Patrone 39 Flugabwehrkanone)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 18
                       8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 37

Dimensions
Total weight (projectile): 16.83 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.5 pounds

Soft iron rotating bands
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 22.4 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.625 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.812 inches
Diameter at base: 4.02 inches
Weight of case: 11.625 pounds
Type of propellant: Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze AZ 38 St.
This fuze is identical with the AZ 38 except that it is made of steel.

Markings: Painted Grey, stencilled in black.
"HL FES" stencilled on body.


 Remarks: Information is from captured documents.  All three weapons employ the same cartridge case.











A.P.C. Projectile, Type 39, 88mm


No picture available

German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. 39 (Panzergranate Patrone 39)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak. 41

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 45.5 inches
Overall length (projectile): 13.5 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.937 inches
Width of rotating bands: 0.469 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.437 inches
Total weight (complete round): 46 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 22.44 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 2.12 ounces

Type of Bursting Charge: Cyclonite
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 33.687 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.562 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.094 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.844 inches
Weight of propellant: 11.91 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Gudol

Fuze: Base detonating fuze - Bd. Z. f 8.8cm (unmarked)

Markings: Painted black with white tip.


 Remarks: This is the "small cavity" type of German APCBCHE with Cyclonite bursting charge and a spring-loaded fuze.












H.E. Projectile Type L/4.5, 88mm

German Designation: Sprgr. Patr. L/4.5 (Kz) (Sprenggranate Patrone Ladung/4.5 (Kopfzunder) )

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 18
                       8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 37


Dimensions

Overall length (projectile): 15.51 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.375 inches
Width of lower rotating band: 0.531 inches
Width of upper rotating band: 0.469 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 3.446 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.447 inches
Total weight (projectile): 20.35 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.9 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: Amatol 40/60
No tracer
Overall length (cartridge case): 22.4 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.625 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.812 inches
Diameter at case base: 4.02 inches
Weight of case: 11.625 pounds
Weight of propellant: 5.03 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze - AZ 23/28 or Mechanical time fuze - Zt. Z. s/30

Markings: Painted yellow or green

Packaging: Three rounds in a wicker basket - 123 pounds; or
One round in metal cylinder - 47.3 pounds


 Remarks: All three weapons employ the same cartridge case.  There are two types of this projectile.  One has a cardboard container, the other has a solid base and is poured filled.











A.P. Projectile for 88mm Anti-Tank Gun, 88mm



German Designation: 8.8cm Pzgr. Patr. 41 (Panzergranate Patrone 41)
Employment: 8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 41


Dimensions
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 13 inches
Distance from base to bands: 1.375 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.48 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.45 inches
Total weight (complete round): 22.8 pounds
Tracer present
Overall length (cartridge case): 33.625 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.55 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.1 inches
Diameter at base: 4.65 inches

Weight of propellant: 5.38 kilograms
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol
Fuze: Bd. Z 5127








A.P. Projectile with Tungsten Carbide Core (Type 40), 88mm



German Designation: 8.8cm Pzgr. 40 (Panzergranate 40)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 41

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 33.99 inches
Overall length (projectile): 12.75 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.166 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.437 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 3.437 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.562 inches
Total weight (projectile): 16 pounds

Length of tungsten carbide core: 5.437 inches
Diameter of tungsten carbide core: 1.406 inches
Weight of tungsten carbide core: 4.25 pounds
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 22.4 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.625 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.812 inches
Diameter at base: 4.02 inches
Weight of case: 11.625 pounds
Type of propellant: Diglycol

Fuze: No fuze

Markings: Painted black


 Remarks: The cartridge case employed for Flak 41 is "8.8cm Flak 41" (Fixed).











H.E. Projectile Type L/4.7, 88mm



German Designation: Sprgr. Patr. L/4.7 (Sprenggranate Patrone Ladung/4.7 FES)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 41
                       8.8cm Flak 43

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 47 inches
Overall length (projectile): 16.35 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.905 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.51 inches
Diameter of bourrelet: 3.425 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.031 inches
Total weight (complete round): 46.42 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 20.68 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.9 pounds

Type of bursting charge: 40/60 Amatol

Overall length (cartridge case): 33.687 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.562 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 4.094 inches
Diameter at base: 4.844 inches
Type of propellant: Tubular Gudol
Fuze: Nose percussion fuze - AZ 23/28v; or
Mechanical time fuze - Zt. Z s/30


Markings: Painted yellow






A.P.C. Projectile for AA Gun 18, 88mm



German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. m.3d. Z. (Panzergranate Patrone mit Boden Zunder)

Employment: 8.8cm Flak 18
                       8.8cm Flak 36
                       8.8cm Flak 37

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 34.25 inches
Overall length (projectile): 13.25 inches
Width of bimetallic rotating band: 0.469 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 3.437 inches
Total weight (complete round): 35.2 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 20.75 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 5.5 pounds

Type of bursting charge: TNT/Wax
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 22.4 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.625 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.812 inches
Diameter at base: 4.02 inches
Weight of propellant: 5.65 pounds
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol
Fuze: Base detonating fuze - Bd. Z. f. 8.8cm


Markings: Painted black

Packaging: Three rounds to a wicker basket, or one round to a metal container.

Remarks: This projectile is the large cavity design of German A.P.C.




Next Time: 105mm Projectiles Part 1

Monday, 29 May 2017

German Projectiles - 76.2mm Projectiles







German Projectiles










H.E. Projectile Type 284, Russian, 76.2mm


German Designation: 7.62cm Sprgr. Patr. 284(r) (Sprenggranate Patrone 284 (russ) )

Employment: 7.62cm F.K. 296 r
                     7.62cm F.K. 36 r


Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 29.156 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 14.406 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 12.719 inches
Distance from base to band: 3.375 inches
Width of copper rotating band: 0.5 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 3 inches
Width of bourrelet: 0.625 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.312 inches
Total weight (complete round): 18.04 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 13.64 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 1.5 pounds

Type of Bursting Charge: TNT
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.07 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.062 inches
Diameter at base: 3.44 inches
Weight of propellant: 2.28 pounds
Type of propellant: Russian Nitrocellulose Powder

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze KTM1

Markings: Painted Grey-green with blue band below bourrelet

Packaging: Five rounds to a box - 132 pounds; or
Six rounds to a box - 171.6 pounds

 Remarks: This projectile of Russian manufacture is characterized by two unpainted bands, one at the shoulder, the other just above the rotating band.

There is a round designated "287r" similar to this except that the bursting charge is smaller.






Shrapnel Projectile, Russian, 76.2mm


German Designation: Not known

Employment: 7.62cm F.K. 296 r
                     7.62cm F.K. 36 r

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 26.281 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 14 inches
Overall length w/o fuze (projectile): 9 inches
Distance from base to band: 2.531 inches
Width of rotating bands: 0.5 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 3 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.437 inches

Type of Bursting Charge: Black Powder
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.062 inches
Diameter at rim: 3.531 inches
Weight of propellant: 2.28 pounds
Type of propellant: Russian Nitrocellulose Powder

Fuze: Nose time fuze - combustion type - 253M

Markings: Painted Grey-green

Packaging: Six rounds to a wooden box

 Remarks: The projectile is filled with 48 more or less triangular pieces of steel 2.25 inches long which are ejected from the nose by a steel forcing plate behind which there is a charge of black powder.  The threads and two retaining screws of the collar are sheared by this action.

There is a Japanese projectile very similar in design to this, except that the triangular steel pieces are replaced by steel balls embedded in concrete.









A.P.C. Projectile (Russian) 76.2mm


German Designation: 7.62cm Pzgr. Patr. (r) (Panzergranate Patrone (russ) )

Employment: 7.62cm F.K. 296 r
                     7.62cm F.K. 36 r



Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 25.375 inches
Overall length w/ fuze (projectile): 12.187 inches
Distance from base to band: 1.687 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.5 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 2.99 inches
Width of bourrelet: 0.687 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.71 inches
Total weight (projectile): 14.3 pounds

Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.07 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.062 inches
Diameter at base: 3.44 inches
Weight of propellant: 2.519 pounds
Type of propellant: Russian Nitrocellulose Powder

Fuze: Base detonating fuze of Russian manufacture

Markings: Unpainted

Packaging: Five rounds to a box or six rounds to a box.

 Remarks: There is a short ballistic cap cannelured to the body of this russian projectile which is further characterized by two deep annular grooves forward of the bourrelet.







H.E. Projectile Type 39, 76.2mm


German Designation: 7.62cm Sprgr. Patr. 39 (Sprenggranate Patrone 39)

Employment: 7.62cm Pak. 36 r
                       7.62cm F.K. 36 r



Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 39.52 inches
Overall length (projectile): 13.97 inches
Distance from base to band: 3.187 inches
Width of soft iron rotating band: 0.687 inches
Diameter at bourrelet: 2.95 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.312 inches
Total weight (complete round): 22 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 12.64 pounds
Weight of bursting charge: 568 grams

Type of Bursting Charge: Amatol
No tracer

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.16 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.07 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.11 inches
Diameter at base: 3.44 inches

Weight of propellant: 775 grams Flaked Gudol
                                                                       and 20 grams Potassium Sulphate flash reducer

Fuze: Nose percussion fuze K1 AZ 23

Markings: Painted Green with white band below nose fuze

Packaging: One round to a metal container - 28 pounds

 Remarks: This German projectile may also be found (Fixed) in the cartridge case 6340 for use in re-bored Russian equipment.





A.P. Projectile with Tungsten Carbide Core, 76.2mm


German Designation: Pzgr. Patr. 40(r) (Panzergranate Patrone 40(russ) )

Employment: 7.62cm F.K. 296 (r)
                     7.62cm F.K. 36 (r)
                    7.62cm Pak 36 (r)



Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 24.28 inches
Overall length (projectile): 10.157 inches
Distance from base to band: 1 inch
Width of rotating band: 0.687 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.91 inches
Total weight (complete round): 14.74 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 9.13 pounds

Length of tungsten carbide core: 4.344 inches
Diameter of tungsten carbide core: 1.125 inches
Length of ballistic cap: 4.921 inches
Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.07 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.062 inches
Diameter at base: 3.531 inches
Weight of propellant: 364 grams
Type of propellant: Tubular Diglycol

Fuze: No fuze

Markings: Painted black
"41 CYW/COB" stamped on body.

Packaging: Five rounds to a box - 110 pounds, or
           Six rounds to a box - 145 pounds

 Remarks: There is a bakelite sheath forward of the core, and a set-screw forward of the bourrelet.

This German projectile may be found (fixed) in the German case 6340 for use in captured weapons which the Germans have re-bored.






A.P. Projectile with Cap Type 39, 76.2mm


German Designation: 7.62cm Pzgr. Patr. 39(r) rot (Panzergranate Patrone 39(russ) rot )

Employment: 7.62cm Pak 36 (r)

Dimensions

Overall length (complete round): 26.219 inches
Overall length (projectile): 12.062 inches
Distance from base to band: 0.969 inches
Width of rotating band: 0.687 inches
Diameter of projectile base: 2.906 inches
Total weight (complete round): 16.72 pounds
Total weight (projectile): 9.13 pounds

Weight of bursting charge: 2.519 pounds
Type of bursting charge: Russian Nitrocellulose powder

or

Weight of bursting charge: 2.886 pounds
Type of bursting charge: Tubular Diglycol


Tracer present

Overall length (cartridge case): 15.125 inches
Diameter at case neck: 3.07 inches
Diameter at case shoulder: 3.062 inches
Diameter at base: 3.44 inches
Weight of propellant: 775 grams Flaked Gudol
                                                                       and 20 grams Potassium Sulphate flash reducer


Fuze: Base detonating fuze - Bd. Z. f 7.5cm

Markings: Painted black with white tip

Packaging: One round to a metal container - 34.32 pounds

 Remarks: This German projectile may be found (fixed) in the German case 6340 for use in captured weapons which the Germans have re-bored.

A 7.62 A.P. Projectile with a small bursting cavity containing RDX is also made.  Bd. Z 5103 will be found in this type.







Next Time: 88mm Projectiles